- Bim bots
Would you like to know more about BIM Bots or do you see opportunities to apply this ground-breaking technology? Please contact Rob Roef
In the future, residential and non-residential building work will change drastically, buildings will be constructed much faster and the responsibility for compliance with the building code may lie entirely with private parties. This is an unbelievable challenge as, according to the government’s current plan, 75 thousand additional homes are to be built per year. At the same time, it should become possible to make 30 to 50 thousand homes more sustainable each year. Digitisation and the smart use of data are therefore a necessity.
At the moment, the use of data in housing and non-residential construction is so fragmented that there are no truly open and transparent platforms for analysing and exchanging data. It is possible to share specific information in a targeted manner on the basis of open standards, but interactions between users and computers continue to determine the result.
Machine-to-machine interactions between computers can partially take over the interactions between users and computers, thereby optimally benefiting the building and construction sector. This is because machine learning and artificial intelligence will help the builder of the near future to interpret data, eliminate errors and optimise designs. Examples include the automated testing of Building Information Models during the design and engineering or the testing of a completed building (as built) against (building) regulations.
Through the development of a network of autonomous BIM Bots, TNO believes that we can contribute to the creation of Asset Lifecycle Information Management (ALIM) for buildings and therefore meet the aforementioned major societal challenges. From our perspective, a BIM Bot is an intelligent online system that autonomously performs actions based on BIM data, such as calculations, simulations or analyses. In any case, a BIM Bot supports a specific task in order to support the user as much as possible during the building process.
Suppliers and specialised subcontractors are regularly called in at a late stage of the building process, or even too late. As a result, specialist knowledge on product guidelines is not included in the design or is included too late, leading to costly adjustments. By optimising or even automating the communication with various chain partners via digitisation, we involve the supplying industry sooner. As a result of this, their knowledge is also utilised sooner.
The use of BIM Bots ultimately results in fewer construction errors, and buildings are better designed and constructed. Another factor is the energy efficiency of a design. If the architect can have automated energy simulations carried out with a BIM Bot from the very first design, there will be no need to adjust the design in the end.
In addition to providing insights into the building’s performance, BIM Bots alert the software user to design errors, such as incorrect wall thicknesses, too little space being reserved for joining, major changes taking place elsewhere in the chain and so on. This doesn’t just lead to time gains, cost savings and greater efficiency for builders and developers: the entire sector benefits from the improved information transfer through the early application of relevant, accurate knowledge available from suppliers and consultants.