Reducing CO2 emissions through capture, use and storage

The energy-intensive sector will continue to depend on fossil raw materials and fuels for a long time to come. In particular, sectors such as steel, cement, refining and the petrochemical industry will continue to produce large amounts of CO2 after 2050. The capture, use and storage of CO2 (CCUS) is therefore essential to achieve a sustainable, climate-neutral energy management system. ECN part of TNO researches and develops tangible solutions.

By clustering strengths, we have a wide range of technologies for the capture and recovery of CO2 as well as a great deal of knowledge of transport and underground storage.

Engaging industry

We are working for and with industrial parties and scientific institutions to further improve and roll out techniques that can be introduced to the market in the near future. Players from the steel, cement and refining sectors play an important role in this respect. Suppliers, from functional components to complete installations, are also closely involved. They make use of our unique knowledge position in a number of key areas and have access to special facilities for research and demonstration.

Capturing CO2 efficiently

Our research focuses on adsorption and membrane related technologies. Earlier, we developed the Sorption Enhanced Water-Gas Shift (SEWGS) process for CO2 capture in the electricity sector. Especially for the steel industry, we have developed with foreign partners the STEPWISE adsorption technology in the European research programme Horizon2020. This makes it possible to efficiently capture and then store the CO2 emitted by steel companies. It also means significant cost savings. We can already demonstrate these techniques locally on a large scale.

Hydrogen production

A special feature of our approach is that we combine reaction and separation into one process. We use techniques with low steam consumption, which means that energy efficiency is high so companies can save energy and therefore costs.

With the help of membrane technology, we can, for example, obtain energy-efficient, pure hydrogen in industrial processes.

Demonstrations

In the coming years, we will continue to work with industrial and knowledge partners on the further development of techniques for the capture, use and storage of CO2. In these areas, we are preparing and supporting large-scale demonstration projects. In our research, we expressly consider the risks, economic feasibility and regulations. All this should result in significantly lower CO2 emissions in the coming period with effective and affordable technologies.

Knowledge

From grey and blue to green hydrogen

Production from water via electrolysis with sustainable electricity from sun and wind is a CO2-free alternative. But for the production of green hydrogen, there are still technological barriers to be... Read more
Our work

Optimising production of sustainable hydrogen with electrolysis

Hydrogen currently produced in our country is mainly used as a raw material for the production of fertilisers and the desulphurisation of fuels. Current hydrogen production is now based on natural gas... Read more
Our work

Large-scale hydrogen storage and transport

With the strong expansion of the number of offshore wind farms in the coming decade to a capacity of 11.5 gigawatts in 2030, large-scale storage and transport of the generated energy in the form of hydrogen... Read more
Our work

Hydrogen as raw material for industry and fuel transport

Industry uses huge amounts of hydrogen for the production of ammonia, various plastics and refining. But because the hydrogen is made from natural gas, a lot of CO2 is released. Green hydrogen produced... Read more
Towards CO2 neutral industry
Contact

Dr Jaap Vente

  • Sustainable Process Technology
Email

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